Among diverse types of renewable energy sources, solar power and wind power are among the most popular alternatives for fossil fuels. A large number of professionals associated with the energy sector, including Paul Favret, have a huge belief in these energy sources. Being clean technologies, both wind power and solar energy have the capacity to considerably reduce pollution levels, while having minimal operational expenses. They are carbon-free, renewable energy sources that can contribute to cutting down the dependence of the world on carbon fuels that cause to environmental degradation and climate change.
In simple terms, wind energy is the process of making use of the air flowing through wind turbines in order to generate power automatically by opting to convert kinetic energy in wind into mechanical power. Wind energy can be used to provide electricity for utility grids and residential buildings. It may also be used for the purpose of charging batteries and pumping water. There are three key types of wind power:
- Utility-scale wind: Wind turbines bigger than 100 kilowatts that deliver electricity to end users and power grids through power system operators or via electric utilities.
- Distributed wind: Wind turbines that are smaller than 100 kilowatts are used to provide power directly to small business, farms and homes.
- Offshore wind: Wind turbines are placed in large bodies of water, typically on the continental shelf.
Wind energy can, interestingly, also be considered to be an indirect form of solar energy. This happens because winds are widely described as being caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, rotation of the earth and the irregularities of the Earth’s surface.
Conversely, solar power refers to the energy derived from the rays of the sun and subsequently converted into electrical or thermal energy. Solar energy can be created using three major ways, concentrating solar power, solar heating and photovoltaics.
- Concentrating solar power: This uses heat generated by the sun to run traditional electricity-generating turbines.
- Solar heating and cooling: Make the heat generated by the sun to provide water heating or space heating and cooling.
- Photovoltaics: Generates electricity directly from sunlight through an electronic process in order to power small electronics, large commercial businesses, homes and road signs.
Wind and solar energy can provide both business and homeowners the ability to store and generate electricity onsite, while providing them power backup when their needs cannot be fulfilled with traditional utilities grid. Based on their energy requirements and geographical location, one can go for wind or solar energy. While solar energy is good for suburban regions, wind is much more suited for rural areas. Both the options, however, can boost local infrastructure and economies by providing jobs to the locals. They have a comparatively affordable operational expensive as well. To know more about these energy sources, one can always get in touch with experienced professionals in the field like Paul Favret.